Anatomical Pathology is a bridging discipline between basic medical sciences and clinical medicine, involving both basic science and clinical practice devoted to the study of structural and functional changes in cells, tissues and organs that underlie disease. It is concerned with the aetiology, pathogenesis, morphologic changes, functional derangements and clinical manifestations of diseases.
The study of pathology is divided into:
General Pathology: concerned with the basic reactions of cells and tissues to abnormal stimuli that underlie various disease processes.
Systemic Pathology: concerned with the specific responses of specialized organs and tissues to well-defined stimuli.
Forensic Pathology: concerned with the medico-legal aspects of pathology and medical practice in general especially within the Nigerian context.
Anatomical pathology is expected to be taught for a total of eight (8) weeks (i.e.40 days) in two separate phases within the first clinical year. This will ultimately lead into the Part II MBBS examination. The principles of general pathology will be taught in the first phase of the posting while systemic and forensic pathology will be taught in the second phase.